Most cases of Spina Bifida can be prevented by an adequate intake of folic acid by the mother-to-be in the periconceptional (before and during Pregnancy) period.
Although some natural foods such as spinach, oranges, peas, green beans etc. are rich source of folates, their availability and absorption is inadequate.
Therefore, it is important that the women start taking the folic acid supplement much before planning a pregnancy (at least 6-8 weeks prior to conception) because the development of the baby’s spinal cord occurs much early in gestation (see the diagram below)
Folic Acid supplements are easily available. Please consult your doctor – obstetrician for details regarding dosage regimen.